## Tuesday, January 18, 2011

### Improved code for concentric map

If you need to warp points on a square to a disk, many people use Ken Chiu's and my code from jgt:

/* seedx, seedy is point on [0,1]^2. x, y is point on radius 1 disk */
void to_unit_disk( double seedx, double seedy, double *x, double *y )
{

double phi, r;

double a = 2*seedx - 1; >/* (a,b) is now on [-1,1]^2 */
double b = 2*seedy - 1;

if (a > -b) { /* region 1 or 2 */
if (a > b) { /* region 1, also |a| > |b| */
r = a;
phi = (M_PI/4 ) * (b/a);
}
else { /* region 2, also |b| > |a| */
phi = (M_PI/4) * (2 - (a/b));
}
}
else { /* region 3 or 4 */
if (a < b) /* region 3, also |a| >= |b|, a != 0
r = -a;
phi = (M_PI/4) * (4 + (b/a));
}
else { /* region 4, |b| >= |a|, but a==0 and b==0 could occur.
r = -b;
if (b != 0)
phi = (M_PI/4) * (6 - (a/b));
else
phi = 0;
}
}

*x = r * cos(phi);
*y = r * sin(phi);

}

Dave Cline recently sent me a neat trick that uses negative radii and I think is correct. Let me know if you try it. (cut and pasted from his mail)

Vector2 ToUnitDisk(Vector2 O) {
float phi,r;
float a = 2*O.x - 1;
float b = 2*O.y - 1;
if (a*a> b*b) { // use squares instead of absolute values
r = a;
phi = (PI/4)*(b/a);
} else {
r = b;
phi = (PI/4)*(a/b) + (PI/2);
}
return Vector2( r*cos(phi), r*sin(phi) );
}